Lanjarón is a city with history; its existing vestiges in its castle are markedly Arabic. It appears clearly in history under the dynasty of the Alhamares, around 1.231.
Historians such as Ginés Pérez de Hita and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza believe that it was during the 10th century that two Mahometan tribes arrived in Lanjarón, the tribes were led by two Moors Joraidan and Gil “El Barbari”, which led to demographic growth and an improvement of existing structures: boost of agriculture and livestock, new irrigation system, flour mills, baker ovens, lime and plasterwork, spreading industry and silk were created, thus starting an economic take-off of the area. Granada surrendered to the power of the Catholic Kings in 1.492, however, Lanjarón persevered until the 7th of March 1.493, when she was forced into submission.
They say that when the defence of the castle weakened, the brave captain threw himself from a tower into the void rather than surrender.
In 1.568 the rebellion of the Moors began and proclaimed King to D. Hernando of Córdoba and Valor of the lineage of the Umeyas, who was named AbénHumeya.
In 1,570, after the expulsion of the Moors, it was proposed to repopulate these lands with people from other places.
During the War of Independence, the inhabitants of Lanjarón stood out for their heroic defence against the French, receiving since then the nickname of “Gunmen”(Cañoneros) because they used an old mortar to defend themselves.
After the Civil War, Lanjarón suffered a loss of population due to emigration although nowadays Lanjarón has seen some growth due to foreigners settling in local cortijos and neighbourhoods.